COMMON LAW

 

For 150 years we the people have been trampled upon by a military dictatorship with courts at maritime legal tribunals operated in the wrong jurisdiction on the Sea by for-profit profiteer’s mostly foreign corporations pretending to be our dejure government.

We have been lied to by the people that have been elected to represent us. They have stolen our Silver, gold, precious oils and minerals. This government steals our patents and inventions under the guise of ‘national security’ which is fraud. They have stolen our copyrights, trade-names, trademarks and our children. They have stolen our education system and our financial system. The have replaced our sovereign currency with a Debit Note which is fraud. They have replaced our Common Law courts with admiralty courts placing them in the wrong jurisdiction. 

They have stolen our Land patents, and replaced them with property taxes that fund war and more land grabs. This domain is to be used to establish lines of communication between members in good standing and to establish the many steps needed to accomplish this goal of establishing our Common Law Grand Juries again. It is true that when the organic Common Law courts are set up and working that all Admiralty, Maritime, courts of equity and statutory system can be abolished permanently. This is our goal. 

 

Three Corporations run the world: City of London, Washington DC and Vatican City

There are three cities on earth that come under no national authority, they have separate laws, they pay no taxes, they have their own police force and even possess their own flag of ‘independence’. These three cities control the economy, military onslaughts and the spiritual aspect to our lives. These three cities are actually corporations and they are the City of London, District of Columbia and the Vatican. Together they control politicians, the courts, educational institutions, food supply, natural resources, foreign policies, economies, media, and the money flow of most nations as well as 80% of the world’s entire wealth. Their ultimate aim is to build a totalitarian rule on a global scale where people will be divided into rulers and the ruled after they have depopulated the world to numbers they wish to rule over. What we need to understand is that the world does not work according to what we have been led to believe. We are drowning in misinformation. At the centre of each city are giant phallic shaped stone monuments called obelisks.

London obelisk (aka Cleopatra’s Needle): Located on the banks of the River Thames.

This obelisk was transported to London and erected in 1878 under the reign of Queen Victoria. The obelisk originally stood in the Egyptian city of On, or Heliopolis (the City of the Sun). The Knights Templars’ land extended to this area of the Thames, where the Templars had their own docks. Either side of the obelisk is surrounded by a sphinx, more symbolism dating back to the ancient world.

In D.C. the obelisk is known as the Washington monument was dedicated to George Washington by the secretive brotherhood of Freemason Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia in 1848. They also contributed 22 masonic memorial stones. 250 masonic lodges financed the Washington monument obelisk including the knights templar masonic order.

Vatican obelisk: Located in St. Peter’s Square, was moved from Egypt to its current location, in 1586. The circle on the ground represents the female vagina, while the obelisk itself is the penis. This is commonly known as occult symbolism.
The Roman Empire prevails through the :

The Roman Empire prevails through the :The Roman Empire prevails through the :

1.   CITY OF LONDON INC 

The City of London was formed when the Romans arrived in Great Britain 2000 years ago and started a trading post on the River Thames. Exactly 1000 years later William the Conqueror (King William III) gave sovereign status to the City of Londoners in 1694 allowing them to continue enjoying separate rights and privileges so long as they recognised him as King. The Kings that succeeded William however, decided to build a new capital city and named it Westminster. There have been numerous instances of the King and the City’s Mayor at loggerheads with each other.

Today the City of London is a one-square mile city. The two Londons have separate city halls and elect separate mayors, who collect separate taxes to fund separate police who enforce separate laws. City of London has its own separate flag and crest while London city does not. The Mayor of the City of London has a fancy title ‘The Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of London’ and rides a golden carriage to Guildhall while the Mayor of London wears a suit and takes a bus. The Mayor of London has no power over the Right Honorable Lord Mayor of London (City of London). What’s unique is that the City of London is a Corporation and older than the United Kingdom but has a representative in the UK Parliament through a person known as the ‘Remembrancer’ who is present to protect the ‘City’s interests.

The City of London houses;

⦁ Rothschild controlled ‘Bank of England’

⦁ Lloyds of London

⦁ The London Stock Exchange

⦁ All British Banks

⦁ The Branch offices of 384 Foreign Banks

⦁ 70 USA Banks

⦁ Fleet Streets Newspaper and Publishing Monopolies

⦁ Headquarters for Worldwide Freemasonry

⦁ Headquarters for the worldwide money cartel known as ’THE CROWN’

The City of London is controlled by the Bank of England, a private corporation owned by the Rothschild family after Nathan Rothschild crashed the English stock market in 1812 and took control of the Bank of England.

The Queen refers to the City of London Corporation as the ‘Firm’  but it is known as The CROWN (not representing the Royalty of Britain). Buckingham Palace is in London but not in the City of London and the City is not part of England.

City of London directly and indirectly controls all mayors, councils, regional councils, multi-national and trans-national banks, corporations, judicial systems (through Old Bailey, Temple Bar and the Royal Courts of Justice in London), the IMF, World Bank, Vatican Bank (through N. M. Rothschild & Sons London Italian subsidiary Torlonia), European Central Bank, United States Federal Reserve (which is privately owned and secretly controlled by eight British-controlled shareholding banks), the Bank for International Settlements in Switzerland (which is also British-controlled and oversees all of the Reserve Banks around the world including our own) and the European Union and the United Nations.

The Crown controls the global financial system and runs the governments of all Commonwealth countries, and many non-Commonwealth ‘Western’ nations as well (like Greece). The Crown traces back to the Vatican, which is headed by the Pope (who owns American Express)  In essence the City of London Corporation would become the “One World Earth Corporation” and would privately own the world.

 

2. Washington DC (District of Colombia)
Washington DC is not part of the USA. District of Columbia is located on 10sq miles of land. DC has its own flag and own independent constitution. This constitution operates under a tyrannical Roman law known as Lex Fori. DC constitution has nothing to do with the American Constitution. The Act of 1871 passed by Congress created a separate corporation known as THE UNITED STATES & corporate government for the District of Columbia. Thus DC acts as a Corporation through the Act. The flag of Washington’s District of Columbia has three red stars (the three stars denoting DC, Vatican City and City of London).

A look at the various Treaties raises the question of whether US remains a British Crown colony. The basis of this goes back to the first Charter of Virginia in 1606 that granted Britain the right to colonize America and gave the British King/Queen to hold sovereign authority over colonized America and its citizens. Colonized America was created after stealing America from the Native Indians. If America was colonized with British subjects these people are subjects of the British Government.

To negate this was the Treaty of 1783 declaring independence from Great Britain. However, this Treaty identifies the King/Queen of England as the Prince of the United States. (please refer www.treatyofparis.com) Nevertheless, according to the Bouviers Law dictionary in ‘monarchicial governments’ a subject owes permanent allegiance to the monarch in which case the British subjects in colonized America owed permanent allegiance to the monarch.

The reverse is applicable under Constitutional law where allegiance is owed to the sovereign and to the laws of a sovereign government and natives are both subjects and citizens.

The issue is if a war was fought in 1781 and America became victor why would Britain need to sign a Treaty in 1783? When US has won a war, America should not require the British monarch to cede land and refer to himself as Prince of the Holy Roman Empire and of the United States? There is also the issue of the use of the term ‘Esquire’ given that it is a title of nobility again showing allegiance to the Queen/King and when Benjamin Franklin, John Jay Esquire and John Adams signing on behalf of the US use the name ‘Esquire’ it is raising the question of how valid the 1783 Treaty is. John Jay went on to sign the 1794 Treaty between England and US raising again why 13 years after the Paris Treaty the US needs to sign a Treaty with England if US was really ‘independent’.

What needs to be further investigated is why US still continues to pay tax to the City if it is a free nation?

The 1794 Treaty signed between England and the US was negotiated by John Jay Esquire who negotiated the 1783 Treaty. The question is why would US need to sign Treaty’s with England 13 years after the Paris Treaty of 1783 declaring US independent? Why would Article 6 and Article 12 continue to dictate terms to an ‘independent’ America?

Further reading of US history would reveal what happened to America when it cancelled the Charter of the First National Bank in 1811 and immediately afterwards 4,500 British troops arrived and burnt down the White House, both Houses of Congress, the War Office, the US State Department and Treasury and destroyed the ratification records (signed by twelve US states) of the US Constitution where in the 13thAmendment was to stop anyone receiving a Title of nobility or honor from serving the US Government. The 1812 war lasted 3 years and the Bank Charter was re-established in 1816 after the ratification of the Treaty of Ghent in 1815. Note: 13th amendment which was ratified in 1810 no longer appears in current copies of the U.S. constitution.

In 1913 the Federal Reserve was passed by US Congress handing over America’s gold and silver reserves and total control of America’s economy to the Rothschild banksters. The Federal Reserve is a privately owned banking system that does not belong to America or Americans.
It is no better a time to question whether US is a country or a corporation and the US President and officials at the Congress are working for that Corporation and not for the American people. It appears that the US Corporation is owned by the same country that owns Canada, Australia and New Zealand whose leaders are all serving the Queen in her Crown Land and US too has been and remains a crown colony that belong to the Empire of the three City States – City of London, Vatican City and Washington DC. The US president is nothing more than a figurehead for the central bankers and the transnational corporations – both of which are controlled by High Ecclesiastic Freemasonry from the City of London the home of the global financial system.

 

3. Vatican City

The Vatican City is not part of Italy or Rome. The Vatican is the last true remnant of the Roman Empire. The State of Israel is also said to be a Roman outpost. The Vatican’s wealth includes investments with the Rothschilds in Britain, France and US and with oil and weapons corporations as well. The Vatican’s billions are said to be in Rothschild controlled ‘Bank of England’ and US Federal Reserve Bank. The money possessed by the Vatican is more than banks, corporations or even some Governments and questions why the wealth is not used to elevate at least the Christian poor when it preaches about giving?

Vatican wealth has been accumulated over the centuries by taxing indulgences, some Popes have sold tickets to heaven. Today, they are harvesting souls in Asia as a 3rd millennium goal.

Together the three Cities have under their wing various societies and groups placed globally with their own so that no one contests their global plan and those that do …well all the assassinations will explain what happens.

The Fabian Society is one such entity which written in 1887 is a mixture of fascism, Nazism, Marxism and communism. It is not hard to now imagine that all these ‘ideologies’ would have also been engineered by the same people. It should come as no surprise then to discover that the Fabian Society is accredited with creating Communist China, Fascism in Italy and Germany and Socialism globally as well. How far people have been fooled and also explains the role played by the Fabian Society in formulating policies for the decolonized British Empire. It would also mean that quite a number of British educated natives given the mantle of leading the newly independent nations would have also been members of the Fabian society. The communist takeover of Russia too is said to be the work of the British Fabian Society financed by the City of London banking families.

A closer look at entities like the Bank Of International Settlements (BIS), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Club Of Rome, The Committee Of 300, the Central ‘Intelligence’ Agency (CIA), the Council On Foreign Relations, The Tri-Lateral Commission, The Bilderberg Groups, the ‘Federal’ Reserve System, the Internal Revenue Service(s), Goldman Sachs, Israel and the Israeli lobby, the Vatican, the City of London, Brussels, the United Nations, the Israeli Mossad, and Associated Press (AP) will reveal that they are all part of the Fabian Society which also controls the European Union.
A noteworthy quote is that of Australian Senator Chris Schacht who said in 2001 “You probably were not aware that us Fabians have taken over the CIA, KGB, M15, ASIO (Australian Security Intelligence Organisation), IMF, the World Bank and many other organizations.”
From all this we should realise that NOTHING HAPPENS IN ISOLATION. Therefore, every event however small is engineered and orchestrated by a handful of people who control the world and what goes on in the world.

Together they have been responsible for:

1. Global Warming/Climate change – by creating an environmental catastrophe and winning the Nobel Prize, they have created a public awareness for a ‘global government’ that gives them the right to take action over national governments. Known as UN Agenda 21 a closer look at its clauses will reveal how people will need to get permission for everything they do – in other words it is being used to control people.

2. Federal Banking system – The Fabian Society created the Federal Reserve Act in 1913 handing over the US economy to a cartel of international financiers.

3. Big Pharma – is responsible for drugging the world

4. System of local government – promoting devolution and new concept of regional councils in a bid to increase a revenue generating system. It is within an overall plan to abolish independent sovereign national governments. Britain is divided in nine separate regions of the EU. The British will be shocked to discover that EU laws take precedence over British laws and if they have doubts they need to ask why the Queen and British PMs have signed Treaties handing over power.

5. Abolition of property rights – in 1974 at the Habitat Conference private property was identified as a threat to peace and equality of the environment. Using ‘environmentalism’ as a ploy the quest was to take over earth’s resources and place it under a central authority (UN) and issue licenses for payment. Who owns the UN? The same banking families. In 1987 the World Wilderness Congress was held organised by the Rothschild’s World Conservation Bank which was set up the same year. The World Bank is likely to be replaced by the World Conservation Bank – the aim is to break down national banks and assets will also be diverted to the new bank which is why there is an aim to merge currencies into 2 or 3 major currency groups and replace them with a new electronic currency which is said to be called the ‘earth dollar’. New Zealand has apparently transferred over 34% of its land area into UN Heritage Areas and Conservation Parks and these will all be owned by the same banking families. In 1992 the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Brazil was chaired by Mikhail Gorbachev responsible for dividing the Soviet Union and Maurice Strong, the Rothschild London agent. The topic was Agenda 21 which gave man rights superior to animals, fish, plants, trees and forests.

6. The Patriots Act, the Human Rights Bill, the European Union Constitution, the Security and Prosperity Partnership are all being manipulated to place power in the control of a few hands. Their plans are plotted annually through the Bilderberg Group and their agents run numerous think tanks that steer Government policy which are funded by the banksters who in real terms run the world. Thus the 13 banking families that run the world control the central banks of the world that print money, give loans on interest and explains how national debt never decreases. Economic crises, oil crisis (simply to increase prices), Arab Springs are all manufactured as are wars. There is a saying that all wars and bankers wars. The danger is when it comes to food as the control is being placed under Monsanto and GMOs. Monsanto is the same company that introduced Agent Orange therefore it is worthwhile reading UN’s Codex Alimentarius and the impeding dangers.
An article by John Christian on THE BANKSTER’S ‘WORLD CONSERVATION BANK’and their electronic global currency, the ‘Earth Dollar’ is worth while reading. –anticorruptionsociety.com

A Tug of War Between Civil and Common Law

The root of the common law lies in the Anglo-Saxon tribal traditions of Europe and the village based system of justice and government. In this tradition, authority arose from the will of the people and not a ruler, since liberty was understood to dwell inherently within every man and woman born. Rights are not granted by one person to another, since they exist ‘ab initio’: from the beginning. All people therefore have the inborn capacity to govern themselves, to know right from wrong and act justly, and to judge for themselves all things, including the conduct of others.

Alongside common law arose a contrary system of governence derived from Empires and their religions that saw people not as inheriently free but rather as chattels and property of others. This imperial system of domination has always been at permanent war with the liberty and equality of the Common Law.
Therefore Common and Civil (Roman Law) are fundamentally opposed and are at war with each other. They cannot be reconciled, since they arise from two different notions of humanity and justice: Common Law knows life as a free gift given equally to all, while under Civil Law, life is a conditional privilege, and humanity is a managed slave populace. Accordingly, governments operate in practice according to Civil (statute) law and denigrate or ignore Common Law altogether through the rule of unacountable judge-dominated courts.

The most extreme form of elite-based Civil/Roman Law Papal/Canon Law, which defines the Church of Rome as the only legitimate authority on earth to which all other laws, people and governments are subordinate. Canon law is self-governing and completely unaccountable to anything but themselves. Roman Catholicism is a neo-pagan cult based upon the late 3rd century Roman Emperor-worship system known as Sol Invictus, in which one sovereign entitled God and Master (Deus et Dominus) rules heaven and earth: formally the Emperor and now the Pope. This tyrannical cult has not surprisingly been the cause of more warfare, genocide, conquest, and murder than any power in human history, and continues to constitute the single greatest threat to Common Law and human liberty.

The law, under the elite-derived system, is a private weapon to wield against another person or group over commercial interests, they are all corporations trading for private interest and not an avenue of justice for all or of the common good. In Common Law, decisions best serve the community as a whole and those within it who are the most vulnerable or who have suffered or been victimised.

There are three jurisdictions on the planet. The jurisdiction of the “Air” which is a “Trust” is under the authority of Pope Francis. The Jurisdiction of the “SEA” is under control of Great Britain. The jurisdiction of the “Land” is the Post Master of the United States original jurisdiction. The Land jurisdiction started under the King of Spain. There is a Post Master at the present time but not in working order. What does that mean for you? It means that nobody is speaking up for you. It means you must speak up for yourselves. I must speak up for myself because there isn’t anybody to speak for me in court, in public, in private, etc.

All commerce is at “SEA”. All trade is on the “Land,” jurisdiction. Everything that is done in commerce is “REGISTERED” at SEA with the British Crown and the Military because they are in charge of commerce. All doctors are uniformed officers according to the Army field manuals.

When a child is born, the government and military creates a “Registration” at sea, called a “Birth Certificate.” So your “NAMES” are registered at sea at the local court house because they make the “MOTHER” sign the Registration for the “NAME” for the off-spring, (child). This is not an absolutely terrible thing. It simply must be understood so a man is in control of his own estate. They claimed your estate.

The “FATHER’ who is responsible to “RECORD” the “Name” by DEED at the local courthouse putting the Name on the Land.

Common/Natural Law

Common Law serves the vast majority of humanity which means that it only needs to be consistently practiced by us for autocracies and oppression to crumble.
1. All things exist and are held in common. By the state of nature no one has any more of a claim to the earth and its welath than another, as noted by a founder of modern law, Thomas Hobbes: I demonstrate in the first place that in natural state of men (which state we may propery call the state of nature) all men have equal right to all things. (Leviathan 1651)
2. By extension, no one has any natural authority over another. Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1762 – Since no man has a natural authority over his fellow, and force creates no right, we must conclude that covenants form the basis of all legitimate authority among men.
3. The Law does no harm to no-one. (Actus Regus Nemini Facit Injuriam)

 

At common law, if there is no “crime” or no “Harm or Injury,” then nothing happened. So if your cow ate your neighbor’s flowers, you are liable to replace the flowers. If you hurt somebody, or destroy property, you are liable. But, if you don’t follow title 75, the motor vehicle code, and don’t register your car, it’s not a crime, and there is no injury. A citation is not constitutional because it goes against article 1, section 9 which also says we are not to allow ‘bills of attainder.’ A bill of attainder is a citation that somebody wants you to pay a bill without ever going to court. That is what magistrates do. Besides, according to their law, and you must specify, “It’s Their Law,” Murdock v. Pennsylvania 319, U.S. 105 (1943), I can not trade my “Right to Travel” for a license with a fee. So drivers license, registrations, inspections are all not constitutional unless I am in commerce. They are legalities by code, but not Lawful. The LAW and legality are two opposite things. The Law comes from God, common to everybody. Legalities come from Corporations like McDonalds happy meals. Statutes are their laws. Statutes at large are common sense laws that may be considered, but still only statutes because a man on the land is not under their “federal” jurisdiction. All courts are federal because all of these officers are federal employees and as of March 1991, no officers take an oath to defend the constitution.

The Power of Common Law Courts

Self-governing Judges are notoriously prone to corruption and political manipulation, and when appointed by the very governments under criminal investigation, are obviously unsuited to the task of rendering a fair judgment. In fact, under legal procedures, such as state-appointed judges have no jurisdictional competence to rule on the criminality and guilt of their employers. Judges routinely waive just procedure and rules of evidence and are authorised to do so by statute law. Judges, typically have an invested interest in cases and will be select those they wish to work on for the interest of profit. The whole point of establishing a Jury-run Common Law Court is to prevent such manipulation of the law and justice by accountable parties or vested interests.

The mandate to establish Common Law Courts is derived from the sovereignty of the people as a whole, and not from any particular political system or government. Common-Law Courts are therefore universal, not constricted by customary borders of laws, and possess the jurisdiction competence to adjudicate any issue or grievance. Common-Law Courts are not subject to and do not recognise any other legal or political authority, immunity or privilege.

If we have not courts that are established and maintained by the People, rather than by corruptible Judges, then we will have no Republic. Our Constitution and our Nation will rise or fall according to the independence of the Courts – John Hancock 1777
– Founding Father of the American Republic.

We have been taught that taking the law into our own hands is a violation of civil order and anarchy. In reality, for people to judge the law for themselves is the highest civic virtue and the cornerstone of true democracy. At the heart of that comes personal responsibility for the Law – to judge a lawsuit for themselves a sworn Jurors, and impose a verdict and sentence in such a suit. The jury system has always been the purest expression of the Common Lw and its capacity to empower the people themselves to defend traditional liberties.

Common-Law Courts are established when any number of men and women come together to judge a matter of concern to them and to their community. The Court is established by the direct will and vote of the people as a whole, who gather in assembly and elect a citizen Jury of at least 12 people. They also appoint

1. A Citizen Prosecutor to conduct the case and if needed
2. A presiding Adjudicator whose job is strictly advisory
3. A Sherriff and group of Peace Officers to enforce the summonses, warrants, and verdicts of the Court.
Additionally, the community may appoint local magistrates versed in the law known as Justices of Peace (JPs), who traditionally have the power to summon juries and issue warrants. The JP or Sherriff may also initiate a Common Law Court.

All of the participants in a Common Law Court must present their own case in all of the Court proceedings, being seen to allow another to re-present their case would constitute a surrender of their natural rights and sovereignty. This applies both to the Plaintiffs and the Defendants involved in any matter before the Court. There are no professional lawyers or permanent presiding Judges in a Common Law Court system.
There is no restriction on the power of a Common Law Court to access any person, place or thing, nor any limitation on the duration of rights of the Court. The Court and its Magistrate can issue a Public Summons that binds any person or institution, which is enforceable by the Court Sherriff, who has an unrestricted right to detain any person named in the Summons and bring them into Court.
Stare Decisis, meaning ‘The Decision Stands’.
The doctrine of stare decisis states that legal decisions are binding and shall not be reversed. The ‘decision stands.’ That is once a court has entered its judgment upon an issue, it shall not be reversed. This is one of the principal differences between Common and Civil Law. – Black’s Law Dictionary

The final verdict of the Common Law Court Jury is final and not subject to appeal. A group of citizens can come to the truth of any matter on the basis of the evidence alone. The truth is not mutable. Under the doctrine of Natural Law, in which every man and woman is born with an inherent grasp of right and wrong of justice, it is understood that a jury of twelve citizens, when given the complete evidence and facts of a case, will arrive at a just and proper verdict. The truth of that verdict must stand and is not subject to reevaluation or dispute. However, if it can be proven beyond any doubt that the Court verdict was made unlawfully, was unduly influenced, or occurred on the basis of incomplete or faulty evidence, a Common Law Magistrate can re-open and re-try the case with the normal Jury and Court officers.
The sentence is enforced not only by the Court Sheriff but by all citizens. Common-Law comes from the direct responsibility of all people, as are all of its procedures. The verdict really is a declaration of the people that they will govern themselves according to their own democratic law and decisions. Upon issuing its final verdict and sentence, the Common Law Court jury is automatically concluded and its members are released from their duty. No Court is maintained without the conscious consent and participation of the people themselves. There is no professional, permanent caste of either lawyers or Judges in a Common Law Court system, but rather than elected and temporary Court officers.

Court Protocol
1. It is presumed that the accused is innocent, not guilty;
2. The burden of proof of the accused’s guilt rests not upon the defendant but the Plaintiff, who must convince a jury of the guilt of the accused beyond any reasonable doubt, and
3. The accused cannot be detained without due process but must appear promptly before the Court, according to the principle of Habeas Corpus, which is Latin for ‘Produce the body’.

 

STEPS TO HOLDING A COMMON LAW COURT

Step 1. Compiling the Case
A Statement of Claim must be produced by those bringing a case, known as the Plaintiffs. Their statement sets out in point form the basic facts of the dispute, the wrong being alleged, and the relief or remedy being sought.
The Plaintiff’s Statement of Claim must be accompanied by supporting evidence: documents and testimonies proving their case beyond any reasonable doubt. This evidence must be duly sworn by those not party to the dispute in the form of witnessed statements; and it must consist of the original documents and not copies. Anyone whose testimony is used in this body of evidence must be willing to come into Court to testify and affirm their own statement.

Step 2. Seeking Remedy of a Common Law Court; Filling a Notice pf Claim of Right.
After gathering the case, a Plaintiff must then seek the aid of a Common Law Court and its officers. Such a Court can be brought into being by publishing a Notice of Claim of Right which is a public declaration calling for the assistance of the community in the asserting of the Plaintiff’s right under Natural Justice to have his case heard through the Common Law, by way of a Jury of his neighbours and peers. Such a Notice can be published in a local newspaper or posted in a prominent public location, like a town hall or library.

Step 3. Forming a Common Law Court.
Within 24 hours of the issuing of such a Notice of Claim of Right, any twelve citizens of a community can constitute themselves as a Common Law Court and its Jury, and must then appoint the following Court Officers with knowledge of the Common Law and legal procedure that will in the following capacities. :
1. Court Adjudicator, to advise and oversee the Court
2. A Public or Citizen Prosecutor to conduct the case; this person is normally the Plaintiff himself or someone he authorises to advise but not represent him.
3. A Defense Counsel – to advise but not represent the accused.
4. A Court Sheriff, either elected from the community or delegated from among existing peace officers.
5. Bailiffs, a Court Registrar, and a Court Reporter

Step 4. Swearing in and Convening the Jury and Court Officers; Oaths of Office
Upon the appointment of these Court Officers, the Adjudicator (a Justice of the Peace or a comparable Magistrate) will formally convene the Court by taking and administering the following Oath of Common Law Court Office to all of the Court officers:
I (name) will faithfully perform my duties as an officer of this Common Law Court according to the principles of Natural Justice and Due Process, acting at all times with integrity, honesty, and lawfulness. I recognise that if I fail to consistently abide by this Oath I can be removed from my office. I make this public Oath freely, without coercion or ulterior motive, and without mental reservation.
After taking this Oath, the Jury members, Court Counselors, Sheriffs, Bailiffs and Reporter will then convene and receive instructions from the Adjudicator concerning the case. The adjudicator is not a presiding Judge or Magistrate but an advisor to the Court, and has no power to influence, direct or halt the actions or the decisions of the Jury or other Court officers, except in the case of a gross miscarriage of justice or negligence on the part of Court officers. Thus, the Court is self-regulating and dependent on the mutual respect and governance of the Court officers and the Jury.

Step 5. Pretrial Conference
The adjudicator brings together both parties in a pre-trial conference to settle the case prior to a trial. If a settlement is not achieved, both parties must engage in a mandatory Examination for Discovery where the evidence and statements of both sides will be presented. After a period of not more than one week, this pre-trial conference will conclude and the trial will commence.

Step 6. Issuing a Public Summons
No person or agency may be lawfully summoned into Common Law Court without first receiving a complete set of charges being brought against them and a formal Notice to Appeal, or Writ of Public Summons. Such a Summons outlines the exact time, date and address and where the trial will commence.
The Public Summons is applied for by the Plaintiff through the Court Registrar. The Summons will be issued under the signature of the Court Adjudicator and delivered to the Defendant by the Court Sherriff within 24 hours of its filing in the Court Registry by the Plaintiff.
The Sheriff must personally serve the Defendant, or post the Summons in a public place and record the posting if the Defendant avoids service. The Defendant has 7 days to appear in Court from the date of service.

Step 7. The Trial Commences; Opening Arguments
After an introduction by the Adjudicator, the trial commences with opening arguments by first the Plaintiff or Prosecutor, and then the Defendant. The Adjudicator and both Counselors will then have the chance to question either party for clarification and to make motions to the Court if it is apparent that the proceedings can be expedited.
It is often the case that a nonresponse or nonappearance by the Defendant can result in the Adjudicator advising the Jury to declare a verdict in favor of the Plaintiff, on the grounds that the Defendant has tacitly agreed with the case against himself by not disputing the evidence or charges, and by making no attempt to appear and defend his own good name in public.

Step 8 The Main Proceedings
Assuming the proceedings are not being conducted in absentia and the Defendant is present, the main proceedings of the trial then commence with the Plaintiff’s presentation of the details of his evidence and argument against the Defendant, which can then respond. The Plaintiff may be assisted by the Citizen Prosecutor.
After his presentation, the Plaintiff is then cross-examined by the Defendant or his advising Counsel. The following cross-examination by the Defendant presents his case, with or without his advising Counselor, and in turn is cross-examined by the Plaintiff or the Citizen Prosecutor. There are usually no time restrictions placed on the duration of the main proceedings.

Step 9. Closing Arguments and Summaries to the Jury and Finals Advice to the Adjudicator
After the main proceedings, the Adjudicator has the chance to further question both parties in order to give final advice to the Jury. The Plaintiff and the Defendant then have the right to have their summary argument to the Court. The Adjutctor closes with any final comments to the Jury.

Step 10. The Jury Retired to Deliberate
The Court is held in recess while the twelve citizen jury members retire to come to a unanimous verdict and a sentence, based on their appraisal of all the evidence. Here there is also no time restriction placed on their deliberations, and during that time, they are not allowed contact with anyone. The Jurys’s verdict and sentence must be consensual and unanimous.

Step 11. The Jury Issues its Unanimous Verdict and Sentence
The Court is reconvened after the Jury has come to a verdict. If the jurors are not in complete unanimity concerning the verdict, the defendant is automatically declared to be innocents.

Step 12. The Court Adjourns and the Sentence is Enforced
Following the announcement of the Verdict and Sentence, the Adjudicator either frees the Defendant or affirms and authorises the decision of the Jury in the name of the Court, and instructs the Sheriff to enforce that sentence. The Adjudicator dismisses the Jury and concludes the trial proceedings. The complete record of the proceedings is a public document, accessible to anyone, and it can in no way be withheld, altered or compromised by the Adjudicator or any other party.

Enforcement
It is understood that every able-bodied citizen is obligated and empowered by Natural Law to assist the Court Sheriff and his Deputies in enforcing the sentence of the Court, including by ensuring the imprisonment of the guilty, the monitoring of his associates and the public seizures of the assets and property of the guilty and is agents, if such is the sentence of the Court. Part of the power of such a Sheriff is that he can deputise anyone to assist him, including other police officers and agents of the very institutions, being named and tried in Common Law Courts. To do this a copy of the Arrest Warrant is to be delivered to the local police station along with a Deputizing Notice placing those police under the jurisdiction of the Common Law. The police are then obligated to assist the Sheriff and must take the same Oath of Common Law Office as the Sheriff. If those issued with such Notice deny or dispute it or refuse to take the Oath, they are then ordered to stand down from their position and not to interfere with the Sheriff in his duties. If they agree with the Notice, either directly or through their silence or non-interference, such police agencies are tacitly abiding by the Common Law action, and the normal protection around criminals in hight offie is suddenly nullified.
Confrontations between Court Sheriffs and Civil law policemen must be televised to the world as it occurs. This brings with it a chance for the people to learn directly that those policemen and soldiers who provide the force behind this system are not exempt from the authority of the Common Law and must ultimately make a choice concerning who and what they serve.
The Common Law, in short, is a seed of fundamental social and political transformation, not simply a weapon of self-defense for the oppressed. Never underestimate the revolutionary consequences of such nullifications this is when the shield around the power is suddenly removed.

Citizen Arrest
The right and necessity of citizens to detain suspected or actual criminals have long been recognised under both civil and common law. Arrests are not restricted or negated by a higher authority because the law recognizes that any man or woman has the competence and obligation to see and directly halt wrongdoing in their community.
Such enforcement is generally recognised a Citizen Arrest, citizens have the right to detain anyone who either commits a crime or is even suspected of having done so, or who poses a threat to their own safety and the safety of others.
The procedure for performing a Citizens’ Arrest is as follows:
1. One must first ether witness a crime or recognise a suspected criminal or known offender, or even have a reasonable suspicion that such persons pose a danger to others. Such a suspicion must be based on probable cause and not simply a ‘feeling’ or prejudice about someone.
2. One must then inform the suspect or offender that he or she is being placed under Citizens’ Arrest under the right of Necessity to Defend, which obligates the arrester to detain the suspect or offender. The arresting party must state who they are and why they are exercising the power of arrest by stating the cause of action.
3. The offender or suspect must then be detained and held for trial in a common-law court if they turn out to have committed a crime or pose a danger to others. The amount of force used in the arrest must be a reasonable response to the suspect’s behaviour.
The crucial importance of the power of Citizens’ Arrest is that it trains and empowers citizens to take responsibility for policing their communities and for the law itself. It moves democracy from theory to action.
We cannot shrink from or deny the profound consequences of taking such a necessary historic step. Rather, we must recognise that the judical system in our hands is in fact the door to a transformed world, in which the land and its wealth and society as a whole I reclaimed by all the people, and brought into harmony with Natural Justice through a great social leveling.
Many traditions and prophecies foresee such a tome as now as judgment upon corruption and injustice of the human world. Biblically, such a moment was known as the Jubliee, when all human laws and divisions are abolished, and society, like nature during a fallow year, is allowed to rest from warfare, corruption, and injustice.
A historical moment of transformation into what is coming to be a reinventing of humanity according to the simple principle that no law or authority shall ever again cause anyone to rule, harm or dominate others.
A profound and revolutionary process started from the grassroots, by many people who have relearned freedom and use it to take action in their own communities to govern themselves as their own judge, jury, and police.

 

 

 

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